Sports shoes that count kilometers, collars for dogs that inform about their movements, objects that send messages when someone has exceeded their alcohol intake, stockings that put a pause in the film or series at the moment when the viewer fell asleep and millions of other gadgets that for a long time seems to only live in our imagination are now believed to be realizable. It is the so-called "new industrial revolution" known as the Internet of Things
Most of the articles on the IoT start with a definition of the implications of the phenomenon because its concept is still not fully understood by many people. The presence of the word "things" floods it with ambiguity. In reality, it is not so complex: it is objects connected to the network that use this connection to gather information and, later, to develop an action.
Internet of Things is not a futuristic illusion that can be seen in the distance. It has already arrived and is a tangible reality in devices that are used in daily life. For example, all those devices to which the prefix "Smart" is added: smartphones, smart TV, even some air conditioners. The nomenclature does not indicate that they are intelligent, but their possibility of connecting them to the Internet.
The great revolution that is foreseen will be for its vehement production in the coming years. The Business Insider magazine
calculates that, by 2020, the number of objects connected to the Internet will triple to 24 billion, added to the 10 billion that will be in the already established devices mentioned above. The investment will demand around 6 trillion dollars.
Internet of Things is going to mean a very big change, but not in the immediate because it will take a significant degree of massiveness. Today it is curiosity, and its use is very punctual, the great leap regarding massiveness will hit it within 15 or 20 years.
The explosion of IoT reoriented the course of the technology companies. Among the companies that invest the most and will allocate to this market, appear the giants Amazon, AT&T, IBM and Google. The computer business is going backwards, and that of smartphones is slowing down because everyone already has and becomes a replacement industry, and technology producers are now aiming at IoT because there is a lot of fertile ground.
Internet of Things is in a very early stage still very incipient. At the moment, almost all of the equipment that can be purchased integrates a merged package that cannot be separated. The next phase will be standardization, in which the different accessories are expected to interact with each other.
In a first stage we will have great development in health because the equipment will be expensive and only destined to issues that justify the expense, then it will become a phenomenon so massive that it will reach everyday objects such as, for example, refrigerators to place the order alone when necessary.
So far, the most widespread bet on IoT technology
is smart homes. For some years now, it has been possible to program, for example, the lighting of the heating from outside the house in winter or to determine a time for the blinds to rise on sunny summer days. The concept used by architects or engineers is "home automation" and refers to systems capable of automating actions in the home.
In smart homes, virtually all electronic subsystems such as curtain lighting, air conditioning, audio and video are controllable. The programming can be done through any device: cell phones, tablets, televisions and native remote controls of the system.
Regarding security, it also offers certain advantages concerning the traditional house or apartment. If you go on vacation, you can program your home so that in certain hours the lights or a stereo are turned on and simulate your presence.
In turn, the smart home allows greater environmental care and considerable energy savings. It has benefits for the environment given that you can control the amount of energy consumed and automate the turning on and off of equipment according to the weather or schedules.
The home automation market is no longer as exclusive as in its beginnings, where only the highest socioeconomic target was targeted. This opening occurred thanks to the fact that it is already possible to buy equipment separately without the need to purchase the entire package.
The IoT will have an impact on all aspects of our society. Some examples can be:
In the field of logistics and transport, you can expect IoT to provide changes through the intelligent movement of loads, through the continuous synchronization of information in supply chains, allowing intelligent communication between people and loads. You will have the possibility to locate and identify each merchandise anywhere in the world, improving the system of material flows. You can also meet with mobile app development companies
to ensure that you position your business to take advantage of this technology.
In the retail segment, IoT will revolutionize the way in which people compare prices of a product or its characteristics, which will change the current paradigm of purchases. Companies can also benefit by obtaining more information to improve their business and increase customer satisfaction. Companies will have massive data to determine what will be the needs of most of their clients and that can help them in making important decisions.
In the field of health, control and prevention will be the main objectives. Imagine patients with devices connected to IoT constantly monitoring their vital signs, as well as the possibility of locating them anywhere in the globe. It will not only help patients but also specialists, who will be able to access all the information about the clinical history. Friends, family and specialist will know when senior patients fail to take their drugs and are abusing their medication.
You can count on smart homes and cities, being able to measure the consumption of water and electricity, increase security and comfort. Smart cities will be able to generate sustainable models of development and greatly improve the quality of life. This will help in automating many aspects of people’s life and let them focus on other aspects that can’t be automated.
Finally, the most benefited will be the environment, since under all scenarios it will be simpler to help energy savings.